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Jeffrey Steele

Associate Professor

Primary Office:

Carr Hall 312
St Michael's College
Telephone: 416-926-1300 x3352
Fax: 416-926-2328


Acquisition des langues secondes; phonologie expérimentale.


Refereed publications

A. Articles

In press. Colantoni, L. & Steele, J. Synchronic evidence of a diachronic change: voicing and duration in French and Spanish stop-liquid clusters. The Canadian Journal of Linguistics, 56(2). 31pp.

2008. Colantoni, L. & Steele, J. Integrating articulatory constraints in models of L2 phonological acquisition. Applied Psycholinguistics, 29(1), 1-46.

2007. Colantoni, L. & Steele, J. Acquiring /R/ in context. Studies in Second Language Acquisition, 29(3), 381-406.

2003. Goad, H., White, L. & Steele, J. Missing inflection in L2 acquisition: Defective syntax or L1-constrained prosodic representation? Canadian Journal of Linguistics, 48(3/4), 243-263.

1997. Les études de performance de L2 en grammaire générative: implications pour l’enseignement. Revue Frontenac, 13, 89-103.

B. Books and/or Chapters

2007. Colantoni, L. & Steele, J. Voicing-dependent cluster simplification asymmetries in Spanish and French. In P. Prieto, M. J. Solé & J. Mascaró (Eds.), Segmental and prosodic issues in Romance linguistics (109-129). Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins.

2006. Steele, J. & Brousseau, A.-M. Parallels in process: Comparing creole and second language phonologies. In C. Lefebvre, C. Jourdain & L. White (Eds.), L2 acquisition and creole genesis: dialogues (331-352). Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins.

2006. A representational licensing-based account of asymmetries in the L2 acquisition of place. In R. Slabakova, S.A. Montrul & P. Prévost (Eds.), Inquiries in linguistic development in honor of Lydia White (189-211). Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins.

2006. Colantoni, L. & Steele, J. Native-like attainment in the L2 acquisition of Spanish stop-liquid clusters. In C. A. Klee & T. L. Face (Eds.), Selected proceedings of the 7th Conference on the Acquisition of Spanish and Portuguese as First and Second Languages (59-73). Somerville, MA: Cascadilla Press.

2005. Colantoni, L. & Steele, J.. Phonetically-driven epenthesis asymmetries in French and Spanish obstruent-liquid clusters. In R. S. Gess & E.J. Rubin (Eds.), Theoretical and experimental approaches to Romance linguistics (77-96). Amsterdam: John Benjamins.

2002. Steele, J. & Auger, J. A constraint-based analysis of intraspeaker variation: Vocalic epenthesis in Vimeu Picard. In T. Satterfield, C. Tortora & D. Cresti (Eds.), Current issues in Romance languages (317-335). Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins.

2000. Auger, J. & Steele, J. Vowel epenthesis in Vimeu Picard: A preliminary investigation. In Selected papers from New Ways to Analyze Variation (NWAVE). University of Pennsylvania Working Papers in Linguistics 6(2): 1-15.

C. Books edited

2008. Colantoni, L. & Steele, J. Selected proceedings of the 3rd Conference on Laboratory Approaches to Spanish Phonology. Somerville, MA: Cascadilla Press, v+181pp.

Non-Refereed Publications

A. Articles

2005. Colantoni, L. & Steele, J. Liquid asymmetries in French and Spanish. Toronto Working Papers in Linguistics, 24, 1-14.

2001. Ultimate attainment in L2 prosodic phonology. McGill Working Papers in Linguistics 15(2), 105-119.

B. Books and/or Chapters

2005. Position-sensitive licensing asymmetries and developmental paths in L2 acquisition. In L. Dekydtspotter & R. Sprouse (Eds.), Proceedings of the 7th Generative Approaches to Second Language Acquisition conference (GASLA 2004) (226-237). Somerville, MA: Cascadilla Press.

2003. Goad, H., White, L. & Steele, J. Missing surface inflection in L2 acquisition: A prosodic account. In B. Beachley, A. Brown & F. Conlin (Eds.), Proceedings of the 27th Boston University conference on language development (264-275). Somerville, MA: Cascadilla Press.

2002. L2 learners’ modification of target language syllable structure: Prosodic licensing effects in interlanguage phonology. In A. James & J. Leather (Eds.), New Sounds 2000: Proceedings of the fourth international symposium on the acquisition of second-language speech (315-324). Klagenfurt, Austria: University of Klagenfurt, pp. 315-324.

2001. Phonetic cues to phonological acquisition: Evidence from L2 syllabification. In A. H.-J. Do, L. Dominguez & A. Johansen (Eds.), Proceedings of the 25th Boston University conference on language development (732-743). Somerville, MA: Cascadilla Press.

2001. English pronunciation for second language learners. Montréal: École de langues modernes, Université du Québec à Montréal. 206pp.

1997. TOEFL, TWE & TSE preparation course. Vancouver: Medical Recruiters International Canada. 155pp.

C. Other

2010. Review of French, L. M. 2006. Phonological Working Memory and Second Language Acquisition: A Developmental Study of Francophone Children Learning English in Quebec (192pp). University of Toronto Quarterly, 79(1), 412-413.

2009. Review of Bohn, O.-S. & Munro, M.J. (Eds.). 2007. Language Experience in Second Language Speech Learning: In honor of James Emil Flege (408pp). University of Toronto Quarterly, 78(1), 151-153.

2004. University of Toronto Romance phonetics database. (w/ L. Colantoni)

2004. Review of Féry, C. & R. van de Vijver (Eds.), The syllable in optimality theory (415pp). Linguist List (

Jeffrey Steele is found in the following directories:



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Revue Arborescences

Considérant que rien de ce qui touche la langue française ne lui est étranger, la revue Arborescences se veut un espace de réflexion sur les enjeux actuels des études françaises aussi bien en littérature, en linguistique qu’en didactique.

History of the Department

165 years of French Studies at the University of Toronto (1853-2018)


Estimant que rien de ce qui touche la langue française ne lui est étranger, la revue électronique Arborescences veut offrir un espace de réflexion sur des questions d’importance en études françaises, relevant aussi bien de la didactique que de la lit