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FRE 241H1S
Introduction to Research and Writing in Literary Studies


G. Holtz


Survey and practical applications of various tools for literary research, printed and digitalized: catalogues, bibliographies, dictionaries,encyclopaedia, websites, databases, as well as the different types of text

editions. Special emphasis will be put on the use of quantitative analysis as a tool for literary interpretation that will be part of the assessment. Some sessions will take place at the library, in order for students to get familiarized with the “researcher’s everyday life”. Integral to the course are the rules and conventions of scholarly writing, learning how to organize a paper, what style to use, how to develop and prioritize arguments, how to use and formulate footnotes, when and how to insert bibliographical references, page-setting and material presentation of papers and dissertations.



Required books: Voltaire, Candide. An electronic version of this novel may be found on It will be used for lexical statistics. Guy de Maupassant, Boule de suif.

Articles will be available on Blackboard.

Film : to be announced

Assignments and evaluation: In class test (10%); Written work (1300-1500 mots) (40%); Second test (in-class or take home) (15%); Two exercises /homeworks (in class or take home) (20%); Overall Assessment (15%).

The Department takes into account the quality of students' French as one of the criteria in the evaluation of assignments and examinations. A minimum of 20% of the grade will be allocated to this aspect of written assignments.

Prerequisite: FSL 221Y1 or, upon first FRE/FSL enrolment, equivalent as determined by the French Placement Test.


This course is found in the following categories:


Revue Arborescences

Considérant que rien de ce qui touche la langue française ne lui est étranger, la revue Arborescences se veut un espace de réflexion sur les enjeux actuels des études françaises aussi bien en littérature, en linguistique qu’en didactique.


Estimant que rien de ce qui touche la langue française ne lui est étranger, la revue électronique Arborescences veut offrir un espace de réflexion sur des questions d’importance en études françaises, relevant aussi bien de la didactique que de la lit

History of the Department

165 years of French Studies at the University of Toronto (1853-2018)