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FRE 324H1F
French Literature in the Time of Revolutions and Industrialization


Marked by political upheavals (popular uprisings, revolts, revolutions) and changing political systems (monarchies, republics, commune, empires), the “long 19th century” (roughly 1789-1914) is considered to be the century of “revolutions”. These deep transformations were not limited to the political sphere: literary, aesthetic, scientific and media revolutions were taking place at an astonishing pace as industrialization and colonization changed the face of the French nation. Combining social and cultural history, the study of literary movements and their major authors, and the analysis of literary forms and genres, the course will examine the fundamental changes in literature throughout the century, while focusing on a number of key works and topics.

Required texts: (the instructor will make available a selection of poetic texts): Poe, Double assassinat dans la rue Morgue. La lettre volée, Paris, Larousse, « Petits classiques », 2011; Rodenbach, Bruges-la-morte, Paris, Flammarion, « GF », 1998; (De) Vigny, Chatterton, Paris, Hatier, « Classiques et cie / Lycée », 2010; Zola, Thérèse Raquin, Paris, Larousse, « Petits classiques », 2008.

Assignments and evaluation: Short Essay or Essay 1 (20%), Long Essay or Essay 2 (40%), Final Test (20%), Quizz (10%), Overall assessment (10%).

The Department takes into account the quality of students' French as one of the criteria in the evaluation of assignments and examinations.   A minimum of 20% of the grade will be allocated to this aspect of written assignments.

Prerequisite: FRE 240H1

Recommended preparation: FRE 241H1


This course is found in the following categories:


Revue Arborescences

Considérant que rien de ce qui touche la langue française ne lui est étranger, la revue Arborescences se veut un espace de réflexion sur les enjeux actuels des études françaises aussi bien en littérature, en linguistique qu’en didactique.


Estimant que rien de ce qui touche la langue française ne lui est étranger, la revue électronique Arborescences veut offrir un espace de réflexion sur des questions d’importance en études françaises, relevant aussi bien de la didactique que de la lit

History of the Department

165 years of French Studies at the University of Toronto (1853-2018)